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Coin Detail
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ID:     76003262
Type:     Roman Republican
Issuer:     M. Antonius (Marc Antony)
Date Ruled:     32-31 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Denarius
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC 32-31
Weight:     3.64 g
Die Axis:     12 h
Obverse Legend:     ANT. AVG. III. VIR. R. P. C
Obverse Description:     Quinquereme right
Reverse Description:     Three signa, decorated with wreaths and rostra
Mint:     Patrae(?)
Primary Reference:     Crawford 544/12
Reference2:     RSC 6
Reference3:     Sydenham 1214
Reference4:     CRI 386
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     VF, toned, light V graffito under tone on obverse
Notes:     Sale: CNG 76, Lot: 3262 Rare. From the John A. Seeger Collection.One of the rarest of the legionary series is this denarius which pays tribute to Mark Antony’s “spies.” The speculatores are first mentioned in Caesar’s Commentarii on his campaigns in Gaul. There, they took on a specifically "intelligence” role and sometimes infiltrated the enemy. Mark Antony formed these men, who had earlier been seconded from time to time out of the legions, into a permanently separate body. As time progressed, these individuals became an indispensable part of the government, gathering information not only about external, but also about internal, enemies of the state.