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Coin Detail
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ID:     74000165
Type:     Greek
Issuer:     Demetrius Poliorcetes
Date Ruled:     306-283 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Tetradrachm
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC 289-288
Weight:     17.03 g
Die Axis:     2 h
Obverse Description:     Diademed and horned head right
Reverse Legend:     ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ
Reverse Description:     Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, right foot on rock, holding trident in left hand; monograms to outer left and right
Mint:     Amphipolis
Primary Reference:     Newell 124 (obv. die CXXXI)
Reference2:     SNG MÜnchen 1050
Reference3:     SNG Alpha Bank 952
Reference4:     Ward 400 (same obv. die)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     EF
Notes:     Demetrios I Poliorketes was the son of one of Alexander's greatest generals, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Antigonos was arguably the strongest of Alexander’s followers, the diadochs, at one time ruling over all of Alexander's eastern territories from Asia Minor to Baktria, except for Egypt. Antigonos’ success led him to be the first diadoch to crown himself king, in 306 BC. By that time, Demetrios was an active participant in his father's wars, and was also crowned king along with his father. Fearing Antigonos’ growing power, other diadochs allied themselves against him, and finally defeated and killed him at the battle of Ipsos in 301 BC. Following Ipsos, Demetrios continued to battle the other diadochs, and although he won numerous victories, he was usually unable to maintain his control over his conquests afterward. His epithet, Poliorketes ('besieger of cities') was earned following his siege of Rhodes. While that siege ultimately failed, it featured a number of elaborate siege engines which had become a hallmark of Demetrios' style of warfare. Demetrios was eventually abandoned by his army, and he subsequently surrendered to Seleukos I of Syria in 288 BC. Demetrios died in captivity five years later.