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Coin Detail
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ID:     74000273
Type:     Greek
Region:     MYSIA
City:     Lampsakos
Metal:     Gold
Denomination:     Stater
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC Circa 394-350
Weight:     8.39 g
Die Axis:     11 h
Obverse Description:     Head of female left, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace
Reverse Description:     Forepart of Pegasos flying right within shallow incuse square
Primary Reference:     Baldwin, Lampsakos 27
Reference2:     SNG France 1156 = TraitÉ II 2565 (same obv. die)
Reference3:     G.F. Hill, “Greek coins acquired by the British Museum in 1919,” NC 1920, P. 111 and pl. XIV, 6 = Weber 5102 (same obv. die)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Good VF, underlying luster
Notes:     Sale: Triton X, Lot: 273 Struck from artistic dies Both the BN and BM specimens are struck from the same die pair. The present coin adds a new reverse die to the corpus.Lampsakos depended upon the traffic between the Aegean and the Black Sea, and possessed an excellent harbor in a strategic position guarding the eastern entrance to the Hellespont opposite Gallipolis. The city was known to have existed under the name of Pityusa before it received colonists from the Ionian cities of Phocaea and Miletus (Strabo xiii, p. 589). In the sixth and fifth centuries Lampsakos passed successively under Lydian, Persian, Athenian, and Spartan control. Its tribute of twelve talents, as a member of the Delian League, and production of electrum staters in the fifth century, attest to its commercial wealth. Following the example and standard of the Persic daric, Lampsakos was the first Greek city to make regular issues of gold coinage, which enjoyed an international circulation from Sicily to the Black Sea. As at Kyzikos, the quality of engraving was very high, and types changed frequently: about forty types were produced in a period of about sixty years. Many of the types contemporary with the present coin featured Chthonic deities, those whose powers came from the earth, such as Demeter and Dionysos. The female on the obverse of this coin, though, does not have any characteristics that identify her as a particular deity, and she may simply be the representation of a nymph in the local folklore.