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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     74000285
Type:     Greek
Region:     IONIA
City:     Ephesus
Issuer:     Phanes
Date Ruled:     Circa 625-600 BC
Metal:     Electrum
Denomination:     EL Hekte 1/6 stater
Struck / Cast:     struck
Weight:     2.34 g
Obverse Description:     Forepart of stag right, head reverted
Reverse Description:     Incuse square punch with raised lines within
Primary Reference:     Triton IX, 919
Reference2:     Triton VIII, 400
Reference3:     CNG 72, 718
Reference4:     CNG 69, 385; and CNG 67, 670, otherwise unpublished
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Near EF.
Notes:     Sale: Triton X, Lot: 285 The celebrated coins of Phanes are known to be among the earliest of Greek coins, for a hemihekte of the issue was found in the famous foundation deposit of the temple of Artemis at Ephesos. It is this find spot, along with the design of the grazing stag (an animal associated with Artemis), that has suggested Ephesos as the mint. As presently known, the Phanes coinage consists of seven denominations, from stater down to 1/96 stater, with some denominations occurring in different varieties (the stag facing in different directions and sometimes associated with the symbol of a pentagram or a triad of pellets). Only the two largest denominations bear the name of Phanes. The three known staters carry the legend FANEOS EMI SHMA (or similar) (“I am the badge of Phanes”), and the four known trites (third staters) bear just the name FANEOS (“Of Phanes”). The use of a personal name at this early point in the development of coinage is instructive. We know from these coins that the responsibility for the issue was personal – whether the issuer was an official or a private individual – rather than collective (the citizenry as a whole). Despite the absence of a legend on the smaller denominations, the whole series is linked beyond doubt by the consistent type of the stag, by the common weight standard, and by the occasional use of the same reverse punch on different denominations within the series.