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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     74000386
Type:     Greek
Region:     CYPRUS
City:     Salamis
Issuer:     Pnytagoras
Date Ruled:     Circa 351-332 BC
Metal:     Gold
Denomination:     Stater
Struck / Cast:     struck
Weight:     8.26 g
Die Axis:     10 h
Obverse Legend:     ΠΝ
Obverse Description:     Draped bust of Aphrodite left, hair rolled above forehead and falling in long wavy strands to front and back of shoulder, wearing beaded necklace, triple-drop earring, and turreted crown, ΠΝ behind
Reverse Legend:     BA
Reverse Description:     Draped bust of Aphrodite left, hair in tight ringlets falling before ear and down back of neck, wearing torque (open end at front of her neck), beaded hoop earring, fillet, and crown decorated with semicircular plates; BA behind
Primary Reference:     Tziambazis 132 = BMC 76
Reference2:     TraitÉ II 1184
Reference3:     Babelon, Perses 627
Reference4:     De Luynes 2950
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     VF, underlying luster, a few minor field marks
Notes:     Sale: Triton X, Lot: 386 Very rare. Pnytagoras came to power following the deposition of his half-uncle Evagoras II, who was expelled by his subjects after refusing to support a revolt against the Persians. Following the revolt, the Persians mounted an invasion to retake the island Cyprus and supported Evagoras in his bid to regain his throne in Salamis. Soon, however, unknown accusations were made against Evagoras which prompted the Persians to change their support to Pnytagoras, who subsequently submitted to the Persian king. After the battle of Ipsos, Pnytagoras allied himself with the Macedonians, and his fleet participated in the important siege of Tyre in 332 BC. Following the siege, Alexander rewarded Pnytagoras with the city of Tamassos, which had been a possession of Kition. Pnytagoras died later that same year and was succeeded by his son, Nikokreon. Pnytagoras’ gold staters feature busts of Cypriote Aphrodite in her various forms, as celebrated by her numerous cult centers on the island. Her turreted crown on the obverse of this coin shows her assimilation to Tyche as protecting civic goddess for the whole of Cyprus.