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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     721142
     [UNVERIFIED]
Type:     Roman Provincial
Region:     THRACE
City:     Philippopolis
Issuer:     Caracalla
Date Ruled:     AD 198-217
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     AE 41 Medallion
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD 215
Diameter:     41 mm
Weight:     38.41 g
Die Axis:     7 h
Obverse die reference:     Varbanov 1408
Reverse die reference:     Varbanov 1408
Obverse Legend:     AVT K M AVP CEVH ANTΩINEINOC
Obverse Description:     Laureate heroic bust left, seen from behind, wearing aegis
Reverse Legend:     KOINON ΘΡΑΚΩΝ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΙΑ ΠYΘIA E/N ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟ
Reverse Description:     Two laureate athletes standing left, raising hands to touch wreaths; between, third athlete standing left, bending to apply oil from urn set on ground before him
Primary Reference:     Klose & Stumpf -
Reference2:     Mouchmov 5358
Reference3:     SNG Cop -
Reference4:     Varbanov 1408 (same dies)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Source:     http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=84910
Grade:     VF, green patina, overall roughness
Notes:     Sale: CNG 72, Lot: 1142 Important and rare games type. The reverse of this medallion is one of many similar types struck by Philippopolis to commemorate the Pythian Games (ta Puqia), one of the four Greek Panhellenic Games that occurred in the second year of each four-year Olympic cycle. Held in honor of Apollo, the god of arts and “civilization”, these games featured competitions for music and poetry in addition to feats of athletic skill, and were meant to evoke the best of Greco-Roman culture. This particular games in AD 215, coming as it did in during Caracalla’s march east to fight the Persians, must have invested the event with further significance: by situating the occurrence of the games at such a crucial moment, the gods had signaled their approval for Caracalla’s enterprise against the “barbarians.”