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Coin Detail
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ID:     721166
Type:     Roman Provincial
City:     Chios
Issuer:     Autonomous issue
Date Ruled:     AD 2nd-mid-3rd century
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     3 Assaria
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD 2nd-mid-3rd century
Diameter:     30 mm
Weight:     16.35 g
Die Axis:     4 h
Obverse Legend:     TPIA ACCAPIA
Obverse Description:     Sphinx crouching right, left forepaw raised; at feet, prow of galley right
Reverse Legend:     XIΩN
Reverse Description:     Apollo, holding phiale and Dionysos, holding cantharus and thyrsus, standing facing, lighted altar between
Primary Reference:     SNG Cop 1665
Reference2:     SNG VA 2285
Reference3:     SNG Hunterian 1394 corr. (Apollo and Dionysos listed without attributes
Reference4:     same reverse die)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Good VF, black-green surfaces, light overall porosity.
Notes:     Sale: CNG 72, Lot: 1166 The sphinx served as the badge of Chios. Of Egyptian or Mesopotamian origin, the Sphinx, or "strangler" was a winged hybrid monster with the body of a lioness and a female head. She figured prominently in one of the myths connected with Oedipus, and the the aphorism “riddle of the Sphinx” came to define any seemingly unanswerable question. The reverse of lot 1165 depicts a Chian amphora, referring to the area’s importance as a wine-producing region, while the reverse of lot 1166 shows Dionysus, the god of wine, with Apollo who had a close relationship with the Chian royal family.