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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     783868
Type:     Goths, Vandals
Region:     VISIGOTHS
City:     Royal Issues
Issuer:     Leovigild
Date Ruled:     AD 568-586
Metal:     Gold
Denomination:     Leovigild
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD circa 573-578
Diameter:     20 mm
Weight:     1.29g
Die Axis:     6 h
Obverse Legend:     +IRLVRVC CVRVRVI (first two Rs and first C retrograde)
Obverse Description:     Diademed and draped bust right; cross with crescents at corners on drapery
Reverse Legend:     +INVRLVRV IVRVR (first two Rs retrograde)
Reverse Description:     Victory advancing right, holding palm and wreath; • between legs; ONO (N retrograde) in exergue
Mint Mark:     ONO
Mint:     Toledo(?)
Primary Reference:     CNV -
Reference2:     Tomasini, Group C3, 578-579
Reference3:     Chaves -
Reference4:     MEC 1, 207
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Good VF, small XI graffito on obverse
Notes:     Rare. The Visigoths were one of many Germanic tribes invaded the Roman Empire in the fourth century AD. Their early period is most notable for their defeat of the emperor Valens at Adrianople in AD 378 and their sacking of Rome under Alaric in AD 410. Alaric’s successor, Athaulf, led the Visigoths into Gaul and Spain, where they subsequently fought against the Vandals and Suevi for the emperor Honorius. Honorius rewarded them, in AD 417, with his permission to settle as foederati in western Aquitaine. Over the following half-century, the Visigoths rendered relatively faithful service for the empire, until their king Euric conquered much of Gaul and established an independent kingdom. This kingdom was quickly squashed in AD 507 by the Franks under Clovis, and the center of Visigothic power moved to Spain, where it flourished and took hold. The majority of the later kings were relatively weak and ineffectual. A few exceptions were the following: Leovigild, an outstanding military and political leader whose long reign (AD 568-586) ushered in the royal line that continued until the end; Reccared, who officially abandoned Arianism for Catholicism; and Sisebut and Swinthila, whose efforts led to the final conquest of Byzantine possessions in Spain. By AD 711, the decentralizing of power in Visigothic Spain had left the kingdom weak in the face of the invading Arabs, who defeated Roderick, the last Visigothic king. Another Visigothic leader, Achila II, continued to rule in Septimania, but he was also killed by the Arabs in AD 714.