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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     74000734
Type:     Roman Provincial
Region:     PHRYGIA
City:     Temenothyrae
Issuer:     Gallienus
Date Ruled:     AD 253-268
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     Medallion
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD 253-268
Diameter:     38 mm
Weight:     18.51 g
Die Axis:     6 h
Obverse Legend:     AV • KA • ΠΟ • ΛΙΚI • ΓΑΛΛIHNOC
Obverse Description:     Laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis
Reverse Description:     Monumental ornate conical cult-image on cart drawn left by yoke of oxen; before, guide standing right, steadying oxen and directing to three figures above, standing right, and two figures behind, each of whom holds a guide rope.
Mint:     Temenothyrae (Phrygia)
Primary Reference:     VA, Phrygiens -
Reference2:     SNG Cop -
Reference3:     SNG M√únchen -
Reference4:     SNG VA 8454 = Triton I, lot 688 (same obv. die)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     EF, green and red patina with earthen overtones
Notes:     Sale: Triton X, Lot: 734 Extremely rare. The pompa, or procession, was a prominent part of the religious festivals and games of the Greco-Roman world. Often opening the associated games or accompanying the sacrifices, monumental images of the deity would be publicly conveyed (Ovid, Trist. 4.2-3, 6). Such was the Roman pompa circensis which preceded the games in the circus and was part of the celebration of a triumph. Likewise, the inception of a new consulship occasioned celebrations which also would have included the display of such images. Some such event must have been the occasion for the pompa depicted on this medallion, though a more specific event is as yet unknown. The archierus mentioned may be the Junius Titianus who was consul with Philip I in AD 245 (Cod. Theod. 6.39.2).