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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     591729
     [UNVERIFIED]
Type:     Roman Provincial
Region:     LYDIA
City:     Sardes
Issuer:     Time of Gordian III
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     Medallion
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD 238-244
Diameter:     42 mm
Weight:     28.41 g
Obverse Legend:     MHTPOΠΟΛIC CAPΔIC ACIAC ΛςΔIAC EΛΛΑΔOC A
Obverse Description:     Turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right
Reverse Legend:     ΣΠI AVP POVΦEINOV APX A T B CAΠΔΙΑΝΩΝ B ΝΣΩΚΟΡΩΝ
Reverse Description:     Zeus seated left within Zodiac, holding Nike on outstretched right hand and long sceptre in left
Primary Reference:     SNG Cop -
Reference2:     SNG VA -
Reference3:     BMC Lydia -
Reference4:     Mionnet - (but cf. vol. IV, pg. 138, 788 for a similar coin without the Zodiac); Cornell 108 (this coin)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Source:     http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=16431
Grade:     Near VF, dark brown patina, obverse smoothed, reverse corrosion
Notes:     Sale: Triton V, Lot: 1729 ($3000) From the David Simpson Collection In Treasures of Ancient Coinage: From the Private Collections of American Numismatic Society Members, Catharine C. Lorber catalogued a coin of Maximinus I Thrax from Anchialus in Thrace with a very similar reverse type to the present coin (see pg. 121, no. 110). Lorber summarized the type as "...a symbolic map of the cosmos. Zeus, chief of the gods, is the central figure... Surrounding this scene is a broad band containing the twelve signs of the zodiac. The entire design reflects the common belief of third-century Romans that their lives were shaped by higher powers. This schema and variations on it were employed by numerous mints for different emperors from the mid-second through the mid-third centuries."