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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     591744
Type:     Roman Provincial
Region:     PISIDIA
City:     Cremna
Issuer:     Maximinus I
Date Ruled:     AD 235-238
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     Medallion
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD 235-238
Diameter:     41 mm
Weight:     37.72 g
Obverse Description:     Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse Legend:     MINERVA COL IVL AVG CREM
Reverse Description:     Athena standing right, holding upturned spear; serpent crawling up shaft from base of spear
Primary Reference:     SNG VA 5101 (same dies)
Reference2:     SNG France -
Reference3:     Cornell 112 (this coin)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     EF, attractive green patina
Notes:     Sale: Triton V, Lot: 1744 ($4000) From the David Simpson Collection The reverse of this coin must have been inspired by a magnificent statue of Athena, identified by the Romans with the Italian Minerva, characterised by her animal companion, the Erichthonius serpent, coiled menacingly around the base of her spear. The myth relates that Hephaestus, while making armour for the warrior maid, could not resist the temptation of sexually assaulting her and was repulsed with the result that his semen fell on the ground. A child was born from it and handed by Gaia to Athena to look after, the nearest Athena ever came to having a child of her own. Athena accepted and entrusted the child, in a covered box, to the three daughters of Cecrops to guard with orders not to look inside. They disobeyed, and what they saw so terrified them that they leapt from the Acropolis and killed themselves. It was said that they saw a serpent, or creature half-child and half-serpent, or serpents coiled round a baby. This was Erichthonius, whom Athena took back and brought up in her temple, and who later became king of Athens.