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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     79000619
     [UNVERIFIED]
Type:     Roman Provincial
Region:     PAMPHYLIA
City:     Perga
Issuer:     Gallienus
Date Ruled:     AD 253-268
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     Decassarion
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD during the 260th or 261st Olympiad - 261-268
Weight:     21.09 g
Die Axis:     5 h
Obverse Legend:     AV K ΠΟ ΛΙ ΓΑΛΛΙΗΝΟΝ KOΡΝΗΛΙΑ CΑΛ/ΩΝΙΝΑ
Obverse Description:     Diademed and draped bust of Salonina right, and radiate and draped bust of Gallienus left, vis-À-vis; I (mark of value) between
Reverse Legend:     ΠΣΡΓΑΙΩΝ ΟΛVM/ΠIA AVΓOVCTA EIO/AΓΩN
Reverse Description:     Prize crown with palm fronds set on table; crown inscribed OΛVM/ΠIA
Primary Reference:     SNG France -
Reference2:     cf. SNG Cop 360
Reference3:     cf. SNG VA 4837
Reference4:     BMC -; cf. Klose & Stumpf 248 (all with different rev. legend)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Source:     http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=127130
Grade:     VF, mottled red-brown patina
Notes:     Sale: CNG 79, Lot: 619 Rare. From the J.S. Wagner Collection.From the inscription on the prize crown, this coin was struck to commemorate a victory achieved by athletes from Perge in a series of games. The question is to what games do the reverse inscriptions refer? The table inscription possibly cites the great Augusteian-Italian-Roman Games, instituted in 2 BC and held every four years (cf. P. Lond. III 1178, ll. 37-83). The prize crown inscription only seems to complicate the issue. Either it is meant to be taken in connection with the table inscription, and thus the whole may refer to the composite games known as the Augusteia Hadriana Olympia, games known elsewhere in Asia Minor, or the inscription may more likely refer specifically to the panhellenic Olympic Games, held at Olympia every four years since 776 BC.