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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     755837
Region:     IONIA
City:     Ephesus
Date Ruled:     39 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Cistophoric Tetradrachm
Date Struck:     BC 39
Diameter:     28 mm
Weight:     11.88 g
Die Axis:     1 h
Obverse Description:     M ANTONIVS IMP COS DESIG ITER ET TERT, head of Antony right, wearing ivy wreath, lituus below; all within wreath of ivy and flowers
Reverse Description:     III VIR R P C, draped bust of Octavia right above cista, flanked by coiled snakes
Mint:     Ephesus
Primary Reference:     RPC I 2201
Reference2:     CRI 262
Reference3:     Sydenham 1197
Reference4:     RSC 2
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Choice EF
Notes:     Exceptional centering and strike Shortly after the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, cracks began to appear in the Second Triumvirate. Antony's affair with Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, and his designs on Rome's eastern holdings, prompted Octavian to formulate a binding agreement that would buy him time. At Brundisium a pact was signed, bringing about a reconciliation and some semblance of peace. As a condition of this reconciliation, Antony was married to Octavian's widowed sister, Octavia. She stayed with him in Athens while he continued to prepare for a war against Parthia, and where, in 39 BC, he was associated with the "new Dionysus". In 37 BC, she helped negotiate the Pact of Tarentum, which renewed the triumvirate until 33 BC. Antony by this time, however, had renewed his affair with Cleopatra. He remained in the East, where he married the queen, and subsequently fathered several children. In 32 BC, as a renewal of civil war became imminent, Antony divorced Octavia. In the aftermath of Antony's death, Octavia, known for her loyalty and nobilty, brought Antony's surviving children to Rome to live with her.