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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     300102
Type:     Roman Republican
Issuer:     Ti. Sempronius Gracchus and C. Julius Caesar
Date Ruled:     40 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Denarius
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC 40
Diameter:     19 mm
Weight:     3.96 g
Die Axis:     2 h
Obverse Description:     No legend, laureate head of Caesar right
Reverse Legend:     TI SEMPROMIVS / GRACCVS / Q DESIG / S C
Reverse Description:     Legionary standard, aquila, plow and surveyer's rod; S C between; TI SEMPROMIVS above, GRACCVS below, Q DESIG at left
Mint:     Rome
Primary Reference:     Crawford 525/3
Reference2:     RSC 048
Reference3:     Sydenham 1128
Reference4:     CRI 327
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Notes:     Ex William C. Boyd Collection (Baldwin's, 26 September 2005), lot 85, with his original ticket (numbered 1); purchased March 1904.This most interesting and informative coin was issued under Octavian by one Tiberius Sempronius Graccus, as "Quaestor Designatus". Sear in CRI corrects Seaby in RSC (et al.), recognising the "sceptre" as a (10-foot long) surveyer's rod used to divide allotments of land granted to retiring soldiers. Along with the plow it most likely refers to the ressetlement of veterans of the Perusine War, who are symbolized by the standard and aquila. (Perusia was occupied by Lucius Antony, and besieged by Octavian. It capitulated in February, 40 BC. Lucius Antony was pardoned and later made governor of Spain). Apparently it was an emergency issue, since it required Senatorial approval - thus the "S.C." Caesar's portrait, which required no legend, would have reminded active as well as retiring troops that their leader Octavian was Caesar's true hier.