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Coin Detail
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ID:     795158
Type:     Roman Republican
Issuer:     Terentius Varro and Cn. Pompeius Magnus
Date Ruled:     49 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Denarius
Date Struck:     BC 49
Diameter:     18 mm
Weight:     3.88 g
Die Axis:     12 h
Obverse Legend:     VARRO • PRO • Q
Obverse Description:     Diademed herm of Jupiter Terminus right
Reverse Legend:     MAGN ·PRO / COS
Reverse Description:     Sceptre between dolphin and eagle
Mint:     Mint moving with Pompey in Greece
Primary Reference:     Crawford 447/1a
Reference2:     RSC 3
Reference3:     Sydenham 1033
Reference4:     Kestner 3534; BMCRR Spain 64; CRI 8
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Superb EF, fully lustrous
Notes:     Struck from fresh dies of highly artistic style. The symbolism of this coin, struck sometime prior to Pompey’s defeat at Pharsalus in 48 BC, was meant to extol his extraordinary past deeds, which counted for naught in his war against Caesar. The reverse of this coin commemorates Pompey’s naval victory over the Cilician pirates (the dolphin) and that on land against Mithridates VI of Pontus (the eagle). The figure of Jupiter Terminus on the obverse was a personification of the concept of boundaries, and refers to the Senate’s grant of extraordinary proconsular powers to Pompey.