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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     161101
     [UNVERIFIED]
Type:     Roman Provincial
Region:     LYDIA
City:     Sardes
Date Ruled:     Mid-3rd century AD
Metal:     Bronze
Denomination:     Medallion
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     AD Mid-3rd century
Diameter:     41 mm
Weight:     25.50 g
Die Axis:     12 h
Obverse Legend:     MHTΡΟΠΟΛIC CAΡΔIC • ACIAC • LVΔIAC • EΛΛΑΔOC • A•
Obverse Description:     Veiled and draped bust of Tyche right, wearing mural crown
Reverse Legend:     EΠI AVP POV[F]EINOV APX A T(o) B CAΡΔΙΑΝΩΝ B NEΩΚΟΡΩN, ZEVC LVΔIOC
Reverse Description:     Zeus Lydius seated left on high throne, holding Nike in right hand and sceptre in left, surrounded by zodiacal wheel border
Primary Reference:     Simpson 108 = Triton V (15-16 January 2002), lot 1729 = Sternberg XI (20 November 1981), lot 304
Reference2:     BMC -
Reference3:     SNG Cop -
Reference4:     SNG VA -; cf. Mionnet IV 788 (no zodiacal wheel)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Source:     http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=79698
Grade:     Good VF, red and brown patina with green overtones
Notes:     Very rare In Treasures of Ancient Coinage: From the Private Collections of American Numismatic Society Members, Catharine C. Lorber catalogued a coin of Maximinus I Thrax from Anchialus in Thrace with a very similar reverse type to the present coin (see pg. 121, no. 110). Lorber summarized the type as "...a symbolic map of the cosmos. Zeus, chief of the gods, is the central figure... Surrounding this scene is a broad band containing the twelve signs of the zodiac. The entire design reflects the common belief of third-century Romans that their lives were shaped by higher powers. This schema and variations on it were employed by numerous mints for different emperors from the mid-second through the mid-third centuries."