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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     803354
     [UNVERIFIED]
Type:     Greek
Region:     AETOLIA
City:     Aetolian League
Date Ruled:     Circa 250-245 BC
Metal:     Gold
Denomination:     Stater
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC Circa 250-245
Diameter:     19 mm
Weight:     8.51 g
Die Axis:     12 h
Obverse Description:     Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a serpent
Reverse Legend:     AITΩΛΩN
Reverse Description:     Aitolos, wearing kausia and sheathed sword, seated right on pile of Gallic shields, holding spear upright in right hand, left hand holding small Nike standing right, holding wreath; monogram to right, ANA in exergue
Primary Reference:     Tsangari 573a = BCD Akarnania 426 (this coin)
Reference2:     Gulbenkian 915
Reference3:     J. Reinach, “Un monument delphien: LÉtolie sur les trophÉes gaulois de Kallion” in: JIAN XIII (1911), P.197, 29 (same obv. die)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Source:     http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=117790
Grade:     Good VF, toned
Notes:     An exceptional example of this extremely rare Aitolian gold issue. Ex BCD Collection; Hess-Leu 45 (12 May 1970), lot 167; Hess-Leu 31 (6 December 1966), lot 295; Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge (28 May 1900), lot 270.While the Macedonian Kingdom flourished, it was by no means master of the whole of Greece. In Aitolia a group of tribes developed into a powerful league that triumphantly defended the land from the Gallic invasions, which at one point had reached Delphi. The repulsion of the Gallic invaders in 279/8 BC was commemorated by a monument erected in the temple of Apollo at Delphi which represented the personification of Aitolia. The coins accurately display this monument (see Reinach, supra). A redoubtable female warrior, Aitolos is depicted holding a sheathed sword and seated in a defiant posture upon a heap of shields left behind by the enemy. Some of the shields look Macedonian, others Gallic. On the silver coins, a Gallic karnyx lies at her feet. A further assertive gesture, seen on lot 29 and 31, is the use of the heads of Athena and Herakles which were borrowed from the gold and silver coinage of Alexander.