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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     840850
Type:     Greek
Issuer:     Ptolemy III, Euergetes I
Date Ruled:     246-222 BC
Metal:     Gold
Denomination:     Oktodrachm
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC Commemorative issue under Ptolemy IV, 221-205
Diameter:     27 mm
Weight:     27.72 g
Die Axis:     12 h
Obverse Description:     Bust of the deified Ptolemy III right, wearing radiate diadem and aegis; trident over left shoulder, middle prong ends in a lotus finial
Reverse Legend:     ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΔI
Reverse Description:     radiate and filleted cornucopia; ΔI below
Mint:     Alexandreia
Primary Reference:     Svoronos 1117
Reference2:     SNG Cop 196
Reference3:     KÜnker 136, 765 (same obv. die)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Near EF
Notes:     Struck from fresh dies and free from usual die rust. Ex Freeman & Sear FPL 12 (Winter 2007), no. 108.Ptolemy IV struck an extensive series of oktadrachms for his father Ptolemy III, portraying him with the divine attributes of Helios (the radiate diadem), Zeus (the aegis), and Poseidon (the trident, the middle prong modified with the addition of the Egyptian lotus tip). The concentration of such symbols is intended to show Ptolemy III as the master of the three elements: heaven, earth and sea. The radiate crown above the cornucopia on the reverse is another distinctive feature of Ptolemy III's iconography, and was later adopted by his grandson, Ptolemy V.