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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     729754
Type:     Greek
Issuer:     Tryphon
Date Ruled:     142-138 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Drachm
Date Struck:     BC 142-138
Weight:     4.27 g
Obverse Description:     Diademed head right
Reverse Description:     BASILEWS TRUFWNOS AUTOKRATOROS, Macedonian helmet with cheek-pieces left, adorned with spike and ibex horn; control mark in left field
Mint:     Antioch
Primary Reference:     Houghton -
Reference2:     Newell, SMA 267
Reference3:     SNG Spaer -
Reference4:     Seyrig, ANSNNM 119, 18
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     EF
Notes:     In 144 BC, a hardened born-soldier by the name of Diodotos defeated the young Demetrios II Theus Philadelphos, a youth of about sixteen years age. The revolt had errupted in Apamaea where Demetrios was unpopular for his lack of control of the military, which was pillaging the country it was supposed to be protecting. Demetrios II did not entirely end his reign, but rather retreated to the Phoenician coast to rule locally. Diodotos held an "ace" in his political game, this expedient being a little boy -- the orphaned son of Alexander Balas, who was kept in hiding in the hills under the protection of an Arab chieftain. (Balas was killed only shortly before, assasinated as a result of attacking Demetrios II, who had been installed by Ptolemy VII). This child, perhaps only two or three years old, was installed as the new king Antiochos VI Dionysos. His new protector and mentor, the aforementioned Diodotos, became popularly known as Tryphon. Tryphon served as regent for the understandably incapable ruler, who was still preoccupied with the task of being a growing boy.