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Coin Detail
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ID:     782034
Type:     Greek
Issuer:     Philip V
Date Ruled:     221-179 BC
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Tetradrachm
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC 184-179
Diameter:     32 mm
Weight:     16.53 g
Die Axis:     12 h
Obverse Description:     Helmeted head of Philip as the hero Perseus left, harpa over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield
Reverse Legend:     ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ
Reverse Description:     Club; monogram (of Zoilos) above, two monograms below; all within oak-wreath; star to outer left
Mint:     Pella or Amphipolis
Primary Reference:     Cf. Mamroth, Philip 24 (didrachm)
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     aEF
Notes:     Struck under Zoilos, magistrate. Philip V was the son of the Macedonian king Demetrios II Aitolikos. He was only nine at the time of his father's death in 239 BC, so the kingdom passed to his cousin, Antigonos III Doson, who ruled until 221 BC. The entirety of his reign was devoted to maintaining the supremacy of Macedon in Greece, which inevitably brought the kingdom into conflict with Rome, whose power in Greece was ascendant. Two major wars ensued, the First and Second Macedonian Wars, the latter culminating in the overwhelming defeat of the Macedonians at the Battle of Cynocephalae in 197 BC. Although Philip retained his kingdom, the influence of Macedon was considerably decreased, and Greece passed into the sphere of Rome.This tetradrachm is from Philip's fourth, and final, series of silver coinage. The types employed were introduced in his second silver series. The obverse features the head of the hero Perseus in the boss of a Macedonian shield. Perseus was regarded as a common ancestor to both the Macedonian royal house and the Persians, and thus is a symbol of the Macedonian king's aspirations of world domination (see EHC, pp. 135-6). The reverse features the club of Herakles, a traditional ancestor of the Macedonian kings, surrounded by various monograms, within an oak wreath. The upper monogram on these issues belong to the mint master, with that on this particular coin being of Zoilos, who remained in office into the reign of Philip's son, Perseus.