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Coin Detail
Click here to see enlarged image.
ID:     752531
Type:     Greek
Region:     SICILY
City:     Camarina
Metal:     Silver
Denomination:     Tetradrachm
Struck / Cast:     struck
Date Struck:     BC Circa 425-405
Diameter:     24 mm
Weight:     17.12 g
Die Axis:     8 h
Obverse Legend:     ΣΞΑΚΣΣΤΙΔΑΣ
Obverse Description:     Athena driving galloping quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying left above, placing wreath tied with a fillet on Athena's head; two amphorae in exergue connected by a line; EXAKESTIDAS (signature) on exergual line
Reverse Legend:     ΚΑΜΑΠΙΝΑΙΟΝ
Reverse Description:     Beardless head of Herakles left, wearing lion's skin headdress
Primary Reference:     Westermark & Jenkins 149 (O8/R15)
Reference2:     SNG ANS 1205
Reference3:     SNG Lloyd 871 (same dies)
Reference4:     SNG Cop 163; SNG Lockett 725 (same dies); Boston MFA 260 (same dies).Toned EF
Photograph Credit:     Classical Numismatic Group
Grade:     Very rare.
Notes:     In an unusual occurance, both somatypes of the demigod Herakles appear contemporaneously on the tetradrachms of Kamarina. There is the visage of the weary warrior, bearded with a brow creased by the cares of the world, and the mouth turned down in a scowl. Contrasting with this is the portrait of Herakles as a young man, beardless and fresh-faced, with an air of dispassionate strength. These portraits follow the two traditions of the myth of Herakles. The first, and most likely the oldest, is the bearded head. Here Herakles is a demi-god, son of Zeus and a mortal woman, and the product of the absorption by the Greeks of earlier traditions from the east, ranging back in time to the Punic divinity Melkart and even further, to Gilgamesh of ancient Babylonia. Exakesidas, on the other hand, taps into a purely Greek concept of the hero as a perfect man, young, strong, and handsome - a koros. The two threads interweave to create a noble protector, enjoying the favor and protection of the gods as well as the strength of his own arms.